Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Medical terms and words

When someone close to you is taken ill you may find yourself confronted with new and unfamiliar medical terms and words. Below are some of the terms you may have heard and a short explanation of what they mean.

Don’t be afraid to ask the doctors and healthcare professionals to explain terms that you don’t understand ­– sometimes medical terms sound more worrying than they are.

Aphasia generally results from a stroke, head injury, brain tumour or progressive neurological condition, such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Broadly speaking, aphasia is a communication disorder that affects the brain, leading to mistakes in the words a person uses when they speak or write.

There are several types of aphasia.

This is where a person’s speech problems mean that they use short, disjointed and often overly simplified sentences. These sentences, whilst incomplete, generally enable them to get their point across and be understood.

This is where someone can form long, often complex sentences but use the wrong words or add in random words which are unrelated to what they are talking about, meaning that what they’re saying doesn’t make sense and is difficult to understand. They are often unaware that their words aren’t right and may become frustrated or confused when people don’t understand them.

This is when someone has difficulty with anything and everything to do with words and language, both spoken and written. It means, for example, that they may have problems finding and using the right words, understanding what people say to them or things that they read, have problems with their speech, and have difficulties communicating.

This form of aphasia is often linked to Alzheimer’s and relates to people having problems thinking of and using the right word for something. They may also have problems remembering people’s names.

Get in Touch online speech therapy software has been of benefit to adults and children with speech learning difficulties. This may be as a result of aphasia after stroke, brain injury or head trauma or autism - whatever the reason, we have seen the positive transformation our speech therapy activities have made on many people's lives.

If you have a question regarding your specific speech therapy issue, or to arrange a full clinical evaluation of, please don’t hesitate to contact us using the form below. We look forward to being of help.